Mexico has different historical periods of great relevance due to the diversity of cultures that have inhabited it. The borders were established in the middle of the 19th century, and before this period, the cultures that developed here were divided mainly into seigniories, and not into Empires, as in many other places in the world.
The Mayas, Mexicas, Totonacas, Zapotecos, Mixtecos, to name a few, are part of the pre-Hispanic history in pre-Columbian times, and not of the history of the Mexican state. All these cultures left their mark, creating huge urban centers that today prevail as archaeological ruins in various regions of the national territory, remaining as witnesses of those civilizations and their cultural splendor.
The different archaeological zones that survive to this day show us an outstanding level of knowledge, social and cultural organization, although they were considered as savages by the European conquerors who arrived in the early 1500s. Astrology, herbalism, construction, irrigation, and medicine were some fields in which the natives had very advanced knowledge. After the fall of the Mexicas in 1521, a period of cultural integration began between the natives of the different regions of the called “New Spain” and the conquerors. A period of merging and growth, took us to the birth of our own cultural identity, rising along for three hundred years, until the independence struggle that began with “El Grito de Independencia” of the priest “Cura Hidalgo” on September 16th, 1810, and ended on September 27th, 1821, with the entry of the Trigarante army to Mexico City and the signing of the document of independence of the Mexican Empire. One hundred years of different events in political life led the country to fight for its ideals with the Mexican Revolution that began on November 20th, 1910, and ended on May 21st, 1921.
Today Mexico is emerging as a stable economy and a country with a magic, historical, culinary and cultural heritage.
Photography by @joelalvarezfotografoloscabos